What is Cerebral Palsy?
This article is for parents and people, who do not know anything about this problem.
Many people with whom I encounter in certain situations reveal to know nothing about cerebral palsy. They start to get scared, and shy away from me or from other such people. We are ordinary people who have a visible disease. This disease is not contagious and poses no danger to surrounding people.
When my parents found out about my problem, they were very scared. They did not know anything about this disease. They agreed with me to fight for my full life. Yes, they realized that will not be easy to do this. But they for a single minute have not regretted about it.
Cerebral palsy is a disease caused by brain damage, usually manifested in early childhood and is characterized by motor disabilities: paralysis, muscle weakness, loss of coordination, involuntary movements. With Cerebral Palsy (CP), the affected motor and a number of other centers of the brain result in the inactivity of muscles of limbs, head, neck or torso. The severity of the symptoms depends on the extent of brain damage, ranging from mild, barely noticeable to extremely severe, leading to total disability. There may be seizures, mental retardation, problems of perception and learning. Sometimes the symptoms are broken sight, hearing, speech, and intellectual abilities.
Although a child with cerebral palsy often looks like mentally retarded, it's not always the case. The disease is not inherited and not a direct cause of death, but also reduces life expectancy. Specific therapy does not exist.
The causes of Cerebral Palsy
The conditions close to cerebral palsy can occur at any age after infectious disease, stroke or traumatic brain injury. Child Cerebral Palsy is usually caused by lesions or injury of the brain before birth, during birth or immediately after birth. In many cases, the true cause remains unknown. Prenatal (antenatal) causes include infections during pregnancy, preeclampsia (late toxemia of pregnancy), and incompatibility of mother’s and fetus’ Rh blood factor. Other reasons are preterm delivery, neonatal asphyxia and birth trauma. Abnormally low birth weight significantly increases the probability of the disease. After birth, Cerebral Palsy is a consequence of traumatic brain injury or an infection, such as meningitis.
Forms of Cerebral Palsy
Classification of cerebral palsy is based on the nature of motor disorders and the extent to which they are spread. There are five types of movement disorders:
- spasticity which is increased muscular tone, the severity of which decreases with repeated movements;
- athetosis which constitutes constant involuntary movements;
- rigidity which results in tight, tense muscles, providing constant resistance to passive movements;
- ataxia which constitutes imbalance with frequent falls;
- tremor which is shaking of limbs.
Approximately 85% of cases are spastic or athetoid type of violations. On the localization of symptoms, movement disorders are divided into four forms:
- monoplegic (with the involvement of one limb);
- hemiplegic (with partial or complete involvement of both limbs on one side of the body);
- diplegic (involving either both upper or both lower limbs);
- quadriplegic (with partial or complete involvement of all four limbs).
So, when you see the people who turn to you or anyone else, don’t panic and don’t go, please, and try to understand and help. After all, maybe this disabled person needs your help. And then this person can help you or will be your best friend.
Dear parents, who have disabled children, I am talking to you now. Never give up on the child, no matter how bad his condition is now. It is the parents' duty to bring up any child. This is your test from God on the maturity of life, faith and love for this man. If you can teach such a child to live life, to have faith, love, wisdom, strength of spirit, you will receive the award in the future. Anyway, your child will thank you, when your child becomes an adult and an independent person.